Globally, in the conservation of the threatened species of wild flora and fauna, Wildlife crime is a serious issue. With the increase of wildlife crime, several endangered species such as Asian big cats, elephants and rhinoceros are at the brink of extinction. The illegal wildlife trade is among the leading causes for rapid wildlife species decline worldwide (McMurray, 2008). Similarly, Nepal is not an exception to this situation; the country has been known for illegal wildlife trade and also a source for some of the illegally traded species such as rhino horns, tiger, red panda hides, musk deer pod, bear bile and leopard pelts and pangolin scales. Despite various investments and enforcements to control wildlife crime, such crime still exists sparingly in the country.

Initiated since 2003, WCN has been conducting intensive trainings on strengthening enforcement agencies including judicial bodies on Identification of Wildlife Product and in combating Wildlife crime, protection and conservation every year. The training is divided into two sessions: technical sessionand group work. The first day of the session (technical session) is based on audio visual and lecture session where the experts provides presentation on the problems faced on controlling illegal wildlife trade, crime and the nexus involved. Similarly, the second day of the session (group work) focuses on practical experience where participants learn new techniques to differentiate fake trophies from genuine one and database management. Thus, such trainings add value to field operations.

Although, there is the provision of adamant penalty of up to NRs 100,000 or imprisonment of up to 15 years in jail and both, curbing the illegal trade of wildlife in Nepal has been a tough job.